Aberfeldie Primary School


Inquiry Based Learning

The Inquiry approach is based on a ‘community of inquiry’ in which children learn critical and creative thinking by listening to one another with respect, working with one another, building on one another’s ideas, challenging one another to supply reasons for otherwise unsupported opinions, assisting each other in drawing inferences from what has been said, seeking to identify one another’s assumptions and suggest alternatives (Lipman, 2003).


Central Idea:  Provides a “conceptual lens” for prioritising content. A Big Idea refers to core concepts, principles, theories, and processes that should serve as the focal point of curricula, instruction, and assessment. Big Ideas reflect expert understanding and anchor the discourse, inquiries, discoveries, and arguments in a field of study. They provide a basis for setting curriculum priorities to focus on the most meaningful content. 

Essential Question: Have no simple “right” answer; they are meant to be argued. Essential Questions are designed to provoke and sustain student inquiry, while focusing on learning and final performances. The essential question directly links to the central idea and action. 

Taking Action: Students demonstrate their learning of the content by designing evidence based solutions . This action may be product design, community improvement projects, awareness and education campaigns or other actionable activities. 

Guiding Questions: The questions include everything that needs to be learned in order to take action. 


Two Yearly Inquiry Scope & Sequence:



Term 1

Term 2

Term 3

Term 4

Odd Year 





Even Year



Time & Place

Our Earth